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  • Writer's pictureBahadır Altuğ Çakmak

When Did Fair Organization Start in World History?

Exhibition organization has a rich history dating back to ancient times. One of the oldest fairs, dating around 2000 BCE, belonged to the ancient Babylonians. It was an annual event where traders gathered, facilitating not only economic transactions but also cultural exchanges and social gatherings.

During the Middle Ages, fairs gained popularity in Europe, taking place at strategic points organized by local authorities. These events attracted traders from distant regions, forming extensive trade networks. Medieval fairs were not just about commerce; they also featured various activities such as music, performances, games, and food stalls, adding entertainment and celebration to the mix. With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, fairs underwent transformation in the 18th and 19th centuries. Traditional fairs evolved into more organized and specialized events, becoming "exhibitions" showcasing industrial products, technological advancements, and innovations. The Great Exhibition held in London in 1851 was a significant milestone in this transformation, laying the foundation for modern fairs.

In recent years, exhibition organization has further evolved under the influence of the digital age. The internet has opened up new possibilities for virtual fairs, enabling participants from around the world to come together online and showcase their products/services. Particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic when face-to-face interactions were limited, virtual fairs played a crucial role in providing increased access and participation.

Throughout history, exhibition organization has played a key role in promoting trade, cultural exchange, and community gatherings in different civilizations.


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